The stitches presented here fall into seven groups based on their structure.
Composite stitches have two or more named stitches worked in one journey.
Couched stitches feature a thread held in place on the ground's face with one or more stitches.
Crossed stitches consist of a straight stitch with one or more threads passing over (or under) another thread.
Flat stitches lie on the face of the ground without passing over and/or under other threads.
Interlaced, plaited, or woven stitches have the appearance of being woven or braided, or they are woven over and under a foundation stitch (or thread) without going through the ground.
Knotted stitches are formed by wrapping or twisting the working thread around the needle and pulling the needle through the fabric to form a nodule on the face of the fabric.
Looped stitches are made when the working thread is held in the direction of the work while taking a stitch through the fabric. The working thread is held under the point of the needle as it is pulled through, or it may encircle a part of a previous stitch before entering the fabric and emerging for the next stitch.